Potential Adaptation Options
for Water Management
Following are some
potential adaptation options for water management in response to climate
change and other stresses:
for moving water within and between water-use sectors (including
agriculture to urban).
Use pricing and
market mechanisms proactively to decrease waste.
potential changes in demand and supply in long-term planning and
to move people and structures away from flood plains.
Identify ways to
sustainably manage supplies, including ground water, surface water, and
maintain watersheds to reduce sediment loads and nutrients in runoff,
limit flooding, and lower water temperature.
development of institutions to confer property rights to water. This
would be intended to encourage conservation, recycling, and reuse of
water by all users, as well as to provide incentives for research and
development of such conservation technologies.
agricultural demand for water by focusing research on development of
crops and farming practices for minimizing water use, for example, via
precision agricultural techniques that closely monitor soil moisture.
wastewater, improve management of urban storm-water runoff, and promote
collection of rain water for local use.
Increase the use
of forecasting tools for water management. Some weather patterns, such
as those resulting from El Niño, can now be predicted, allowing for more
efficient management of water resources.
monitoring efforts to improve data collection for weather, climate, and
hydrologic modeling to aid understanding of water-related impacts and
Adapted from NWAG 2000.