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The Global Carbon Cycle
Please note, this is not a comprehensive list; contact the webmaster to suggest additions.
AmeriFlux. This is "a network of CO2 flux measurement sites throughout North and Central America. The AmeriFlux network is intended to address complex issues relating to the global carbon cycle by contributing to the understanding of factors that regulate rates of uptake and net sequestration of CO2 by major biomes."
Atmospheric Tracer Transport Model Intercomparison Project (TransCom). A "a special project of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling (GAIM) Project, the objective of which is to quantify and diagnose the uncertainty in inversion calculations of the global carbon budget that result from errors in simulated atmospheric transport, the choice of measured atmospheric carbon dioxide data used, and the inversion methodology employed."
Boreal Ecosystem-Atmosphere Study (BOREAS). A "large-scale international interdisciplinary experiment in the northern boreal forests of Canada. Its goal is to improve our understanding of the boreal forests -- how they interact with the atmosphere, how much CO2 they can store, and how climate change will affect them."
Mitigation Initiative. This is a joint project of Princeton
University, BP and
Global Analysis, Interpretation, and Modeling (GAIM). A "component of the International Geosphere Biosphere Program (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU)...The goal of GAIM is to advance the study of the coupled dynamics of the Earth system using as tools both data and models."
Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP). GLODAP is a cooperative effort among 13 principal investigators, funded for several synthesis and modeling projects through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation.
GLOBALVIEW Cooperative Atmospheric Data Integration Project (GLOBALVIEW). "GLOBALVIEW is designed to enhance the spatial and temporal distribution of atmospheric observations of CO2 and CH4. Measurement records from many international laboratories are integrated and extended to produce a globally consistent cooperative data product. GLOBALVIEW is specifically intended as a tool for use in carbon cycle modeling studies. "
Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia. An international research initiative led by Brazil and "designed to create the new knowledge needed to understand the climatological, ecological, biogeochemical, and hydrological functioning of Amazonia, the impact of land use change on these functions, and the interactions between Amazonia and the Earth system."
Ocean Carbon-Cycle Model Intercomparison Project (OCMIP). A research initiative of the International Geosphere Biosphere Program's Global Analysis,
Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS). An international research initiative which has as its goal "to achieve quantitative understanding of the key biogeochemical-physical interactions and feedbacks between the ocean and the atmosphere, and how this coupled system affects and is affected by climate and environmental change."
U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (U.S. JGOFS). "The goal of this program is to understand the processes controlling the cycles of carbon and associated elements in the ocean." See also the US JGOFS Data System.
U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA):
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)
US Energy Information Administration
U.S. Global Change Data and Information System (GCDIS). Site sponsored by the US Global Change Research Program's Data and Information Working Group.
U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network (LTER). "The Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network is a collaborative effort involving more than 1100 scientists and students investigating ecological processes over long temporal and broad spatial scales."
U.S. World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). "The World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) is the WCRP [World Climate Research Programme] program designed to investigate the ocean's role in decadal climate change. Scientists from more than 30 countries have collaborated during the WOCE field program to sample the ocean on a global scale with the aim of describing its large-scale circulation patterns, its effect on gas storage, and how it interacts with the atmosphere. WOCE data are accumulating at instrument-specific data centers. As the data are collected and archived, they are being used to construct improved models of ocean circulation and the combined ocean-atmosphere system that should improve global climate forecasts."